Orthoses (braces) are complex devices. Knowledge of medical conditions and practical training to assess the causes of mobility deficiencies are required to render effective orthotic treatments.
An orthosis is not a ‘one-size-fits-all’ type of device. Patients have unique medical conditions, measurements and daily living needs. Effective orthoses are custom-made or custom fit to each patient.
Common Orthoses Types
|Foot Orthoses||A pair of insoles that are typically designed to offload targeted areas of the foot and/or partially re-align the lower extremities.|
|SMO (Supramalleolar Orthosis)||An orthosis that extends just proximal to the malleoli. Provides all the ground-reaction control of a foot orthosis but can also apply three-point pressure systems in the frontal and transverse planes.|
|AFO (Ankle Foot Orthosis)||Extends from the toes to the proximal tibia. Offers full or partial control of the ankle/foot complex and may be designed to partially control knee mechanics.|
|KAFO (Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis)||Extends from the toes to the proximal femur. Offers full or partial control of the knee, ankle, and foot, and may be designed to partially control hip mechanics.|
|KO (Knee Orthosis)||Extends from the mid-femur to the mid-tibia. Offers full or partial control of the knee joint.|
|WHO (Wrist Hand Orthosis)||Extends from the mid-radius to the palmar creases. Offers full or partial control of the wrist. May be designed as a WHFO (Wrist Hand Finger Orthosis) if additional control of the hand/digits is required.|
|Hand Orthosis||Extends from the wrist to the digits. Offers full or partial control of the hand/digits.|
|Elbow Orthosis||Extends from the proximal humerus to the distal radius. Offers full or partial control of the elbow.|
|Shoulder Orthosis||Coverage is variable, depending on requirement. Offers partial control of the shoulder.|
|TLSO (Thoraco-lumbo-sacral Orthosis)||Typically extends from T5 to the mid-sacral level. Offers partial control of T7-L5.|
|LSO (Lumbo-sacral Orthosis)||Typically extends from T10 to the mid-sacral level. Offers partial control of L2-L5.|
|CRO (Cranial Remodelling Orthosis)||A custom “helmet” that guides cranial growth in infants with positional plagiocephaly or brachycephaly.|
|CROW (Charcot Restraint Orthotic Walker)||A custom made brace that is designed to reduce pressure on the foot and the ankle for people who have a neuropathic ulcer and/or a Charcot Joint.|